Category Archives: music

Are Creators Of Salsa Music Getting Credit?

In this case I am referring to composition, instruments, lyrics, singing and the whole nine yards.  Perhaps some creators of Salsa music are getting credit, but not if you are from the Dominican Republic, Venezuela or Colombia.  All credit has gone to Puerto Rico and Cuba.

I started not to post about this topic.  Too many people get emotional, when it comes to claiming their own.  I am not sure why.  But I do notice one thing.  Whenever someone tries to give dark people credit for their work, light-skinned people get angry.  Why?  Haven’t you hogged the stage long enough?  I have seen enough comments on You Tube that are emotionally charged and not based on reality.  I also have been around people from different countries.

I am posting this now, due to the overwhelming response in a blogspot post that I wrote.

I am a Sociologist so I cannot afford to be prejudice.  Thus, I have to be inclusive.  I went to a White College and Black High School.  I have a Latino origin.  I say all this to say that I have pretty much been around many different types of people and cultures.  I am including The Orient to include Thailand, China, Japan, Middle East, Africans, to name a few.  Racism is a learned behavior.  But it is so overt in the United States, that it becomes a culture shock for people who are not used to a charged environment 24/7.

More details here

That being said, I am guessing that the originators of salsa and son did not get credit because they are too dark.  The Untouchables of India are a prime example of the conspiracy to eliminate and denigrate dark people across the globe.  Thus, in an environment where it does not pay to be dark, Black or dark musicians and singers have it tough.  If you live in the United States, you are aware that Black singers, including Motown artists were not allowed in White restaurants and Night Clubs, or hotels for that matter.  Well, the Latin experience is something to watch.  My concern is with the dark people of the countryside who play music.  Who gives them credit?  I know for a fact that their music is sampled.  I have first hand experience in this.

The following link explains that The style of Son originated in the Dominican Republic.  You may have to translate it though.  Use Google translate.  A historian is speaking.  Cut and paste please, because I have not yet figured out WordPress linkage.  If you link it, you will see that Dominican son goes as far back as the 1800’s, at least.

It is easy to point out the many dark salseros who made it.  But the public has not seen the other side of the coin: those who did not make it.  I will start with my grandfather and then I will move to other people so it won’t be just about me.

My grandfather was a musician, lyricists and singer/songwriter.  Many women threw themselves at him.  He owned an entire town.  Due to the resources on his land, the government did a number on him, by paying him way less than it was worth.  Then suddenly the money disappears overnight.  But even with all the tricks that the light-skinned President, Trujillo, did such as burning deeds owned by dark people and transferring it to light people.  Even as he massacred many Haitians due to their dark complexions, everyone was aware that dark people would never get credit for anything.

Coming up as a child and hearing these things made me think that this kind of behavior was isolated to that part of the world.  But no, come to find out, it is a worldwide phenomena.  Even Whitney Houston was told she looked too ethnic and thus they weren’t going to promote her.  Her determination is what caused her to make it, though.

Okay, I am going to get to the point.  Unless you have been living under a rock, you are not aware that racism exists worldwide.  I can’t believe I am talking about this but here I go, to make a point for the sake of the comments on blogspot.  I want to clarify why part one was written in the first place.

In spite of all the light-skinned singers who used my grandfather’s music, we never saw a penny of it. They, in turn, became filthy rich.  El Torito admitted it when my mother approached him about singing her father’s songs.  My mother didn’t care about the money.  Either she was naive or the picture is unclear.  She was just making statements to him and he agreed.  If you don’t know the fame of El Torito, then you never heard Bachata.  He turns every song he sings into Bachata style.  Everyone loves his music all over the Hispanic world, including Mexicans.  I do too.  El Torito is light-skin.  My grandfather is dark-skinned.  Disclaimer, I love El Torito and worship his singing capabilities.  I don’t believe he did anything wrong.  This is not to denigrate him.  He is too honest  person, so it is possible that the music was in the public domain?  I do not know that because I didn’t grow up around my grandfather.

Next point.  Enlightened people are aware that The Son is the precursor to Salsa.  But they want to give credit to Cubans, not Dominicans.  People are mixed up because Dominicans were under the iron fist of a long running dictator, and thus their music did not properly get out, until now.  But even with that, back in the 1500’s, Dominican son existed.  Dominican sisters centuries ago took the Son to Cuba.  And the rest is history.  I will provide links.  This way you can read more about it without this turning into a book.

Video Documenting Origin of Son Musical Style

Today, people will say that Dominicans invented The Merengue and Cubans invented Salsa.  Puerto rico claims Salsa.  Cubans can claim Rumba, Bolero, Guaracha and many other forms.  You will hear Colombians say that they create good Salsa, and not just Cumbia.  The reality is that Merengue more than likely originated in Puerto Rico.  Dominicans started the Son and Salsa.  At this point let me provide links so this wont turn into a book (or a witch hunt for that matter).

The reality is that regions cannot hog a dancing style any more than they can hog a singing style.  Most of the Latino styles, including instruments, came from Africa.  Few make the connections.  But it explains why the musical styes of dark Latinos is so similar.  Many will admit that the drums are African as well as the Marimba, Calimba, Guiro and Maracas etc.  But somehow they always attribute horns and guitars to Europeans.  If truth must be told, the guitar had it’s birth in Africa.  From there it moved to Spain and the rest is history.  People must be reminded that just because a people adopt a particular instrument does not mean they invented it.

Here is a link of a walking history book on music.  Not only that, but he can play any style of Latin American music.  We must remember that the Dominican Republic was the first stopping place for the Colonists.  It was here that the fusion of all significant cultures met.  Here is the link on the musician I was making reference to earlier:

In this blog I made many clarifications.  I have revealed much.  But due to false indoctrination, there may be resistance.  I notice negative comments when a White dude posted the truth about the originators of Son, as Dominicans.  It got heated because the Cubans that are light-skinned are so used to hearing a lot of Cubans adopt that style.

What kills me is the racial innuendos that accompany the statements.  The truth of the matter is that in Latin America, White Mexicans, White Cubans, Whiter Peruvians and White Argentinians etc. grew up listening to Black music, without knowing that the songwriters and singers and musicians were Black.  It happened in the same manner that Whites listened to Black music in the 50’s 60’s behind their parents back.  And even before that.  One point is that many Whites grew up listening to Motown.  The beat and style are infectious.  But that is recent, in the grand scheme of things, because going back to jazz, the same thing was happening in the 1800’s.

But due to Jim Crow type of Law, separate fountains, the indoctrination of inferiority, stuck.  The contribution of Blacks to music, instrument and composition reverberates even to India and the Middle East.  But they are not acknowledged.  People who hear the oriental style of Ghanainas say that it sounds Chinese. But quite frankly, Chinese learned it from Africa.  There is plenty of evidence that the Olmec type lived in China long before the Asians got there.  It would not be fair to turn this into a history book.  But for brevity’s sake, Chinese do admit killing off the short Black people.  So during Thanksgiving while Whites celebrate killing off Indians, Chinese mourn the killing off of their ancestors, the pygmies.  Mind you, not all Asians are this conscious.  Consciousness and unconsciousness occurs among all the races.  Some are cognizant , some are not.

Copy this link ie cut and paste, scroll down and you will see Dominicans such as Wilfrido Vargas, Porfi Jimenez and many more, being just as great as any salsero (mucically speaking).  So what you will see is people after Trujillo that came into their own with salsa.  I have shown you that these styles existed even before Trujillo unofficially “banned” them or better yet, suppressed them.  I am saddened to live in a world where there is so much stereotyping.  We ask people where they are from in order to put them in categories.  What people are really saying is “how shall I treat you?”

Meanwhile El Son De La Ma Teodora stands alone as proof that Dominicans were singing son as early as 1845 and before.

I must say though, that many Colombians and Venezuelans put out some great salsa too.  I am simply giving credit to others besides Puerto Ricans and Cubans.  That remains without being said.  I just want the world to know that certain musical styles are not limited to a particular regions.  They do have a common denominator though. The originators are heavily melanated – what some call Black, negro and so forth, but are actually Moreno aka Moors.  The dictionary defines black as a white person and white as a black person, so we shall call them what they are: Moors. The term comes from Morocco, Mauritania and such African countries that have that same root.  This to me shows the connection to the Motherland Africa, quiet as it is kept.  It also makes me question just how much suppression did others experience besides Dominicans.

Disclaimer:  I am not angry at El Torito for singing my grandfather’s songs and making millions.  He is a very decent being.  I just wish I had benefited from it somehow.

The main reason why Dominican music remain unknown to the modern world is because the dictator, Trujillo,( who was put in place by the Nazi mentality), stopped all tourism  for 30 years, and literally dictated which type of music would be played.  Many were killed.  Few escaped the wrath of Trujillo.  Well, thanks to him Dominican music is unknown.  Many Mexicans, Colombians and basically all of Latin America play El Torito’s music.  I doubt if they even know that he is Dominican.  If they do, they may see him as the exception.  Some are shocked that other Dominican musicians and singers have a handle on Salsa.  Thanks to Trujillo, Dominicans get credit predominantly for merengue style music.  Naturally, many Dominicans adopted this style because that is what was accepted.  This is similar to the Afro-Americans embracing rap, although they are completely capable of playing jazz, rock and roll and many other genres.  People focus on what is putting food on the table.  Dominicans are multi-talented people.  I tried to show this in this limited space.  If the link does not work please copy and paste, because I am new to this linking technology.

copyright Sept 11 2014, Mercedes Beato Hawkins


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The Origin Of The Musical Genre : Son

  Micaela Ginés, la Má Teodora   Son is a musical style that predates salsa.  Some even claim that salsa derived from it.  Either way, son is well known throughout Latin America.  But what is not known is that it emanates from the Dominican Republic.

     Son as a style of music, with its instruments and lyrics was brought to Cuba by the Dominican sisters Teodora and Micaela Gines.  They played instruments and sang.  Teodora Gines particularly played Bandola, an instrument that looks like a guitar but is smaller.


     Trujillo, the Dominican dictator, favored the merengue.  This explains why so many merengues were played at his festivities.  It also explains why Dominicans are credited with inventing the merengue.  What is interesting is that at one point, the three islands of Cuba, Puerto Rico and Dominican Republic thought of themselves as the same people.  Today they speak of who invented what style first, as if it matters.  They are the same people, right?

     I am writing this today to point out that Dominicans are not the creators of only one style of music.  That is erroneous thinking.  Lately, they have gotten credit for the Bachata.  But many people err.  There are a few music composers who admit to the story I am telling about the two Dominican sisters bringing son to Cuba.  is that surprising though?  Dominicans have been traveling to Cuba since the first Europeans landed in Quisqueya.  Hatuey swam to Cuba to warn them.  For that reason, Cubans erected a statue to him, a Dominican.

     Today, I think of Cuco Valoy, a Dominican who dominates the son, particularly in the song, El Caiman.  Not surprisingly, he is a great salcero.  Juliana is a perfect example of great salsa music by a Dominican.  It is not surprising that Cuco Valoy sings salsa as well as son because as I stated earlier one is a derivative of the other.

     So the question is, if Dominicans invented the son and salsa, why did Cuba excell at son and Puerto Rico at salsa.  A lot of people like to abel and assign musical genres to particular areas.  Oscar De Leon creates great salsa and he is from Venezuela.  Some Colombians create great salsa although they are known for cumbia.  People like to label.  But I digress.  Back to your question, I believe I already answered it.  Trujillo, the dictator favored and put in place by Americans, disliked what he called country music.  That would be anything with a guitar in it.  He took to liking merengues.  Thus merengue became the national dance and music style.

     For this reason, many artists suffered in the sense that they did not become prominent.  They did not get to travel overseas.  Repression was the rule.  Thus you did not get to hear the great compositions played throughout the countryside.  Sadly, too, they did not participate in payola and however else music gets out.  It is also sad that they had to escape to Cuba and play with other Cuban musicians at the slight chance.  For this reason, many of their styles were attributed to Cubans who ran with it.  Music also became easier to discover in Cuba during the touristic bombardment.  The clubs, casino and other avenues paved the way to discovery.  In contrast, Dominicans were deprived from discovery due to Trujillo’s ban on tourism.  You must remember, that his dictatorship was long lasting.  It went from 1930 to 1961.

       Today, many of the great musicians have already passed, and their traditions have died with them.  The youth today, whether in Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico or America, has failed to continue the culture and traditions of their predecessors. In The Dominican Republic we see a man who has maintained the tradition of all styles of musical genres.  But he is 84 years old, and is just now getting an opportunity to get his music out.  But what will happen when he passes?  Who will learn the secret to his techniques to all those musical genres.  Few people can play that many different styles.  I believe he is a walking history book – a living legend.  Grab him and ask him questions.  His name is known as Puerto Plata, but his real name is Jose Cobles.  He was born in 1923 in Puerto Plata.  This concerns me because my Mom was born in 1926 and my Dad in 1921; and they have both transitioned.  History died with them.  The youth and the elders just aren’t communicating as much as before.  My Mom was like a walking history book.  I think people should communicate more.  This man plays and sings every possible genre,  The streets of Puerto Plata Dominican Republic know about him.  Too bad the rest of the world does not.

     I have included links to other resources throughout this writing for more information.  It is better that way, so that this wouldn’t turn into a book.  But at least one has references for more details.  Once one does the research fully, one will realize the many truths unknown to many.  There are some people that are so stuck in claiming a certain genre, that they refuse to do the research for themselves.  Hopefully, the majority will be open minded, like the musician and director of a Cuban Orquestra, Laureano Fuentes Matons, who openly documents this truth.


copyright Mercedes Beato-Hawkins Aug 31, 2014

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Today’s Music Seeks To Control You


      The reason to guard ears against imposing dissonance sounds is simple.  Modern Western music is designed to drive disease into you.  In fact, it is modeled after Nazi experiments to cause mass hysteria among other evil.  Clearly today’s music aims to control you.  However, we are never stuck because there is always an answer.

      528 records seeks to convert regular songs to the original musical scale, which is in tune with nature.  In other words, it is harmonic.  By harmonic I mean it resonates with the sound of the wind, birds, water and nature in general.  By doing this you repair your DNA.  We are seeking to expose people to healing music, as opposed to music that makes you ill and irritable.

      Back in 1940 and 1953 the tuning standard of music was changed to a very dissonant sound which alters your brain waves, causing unreasonable fear and pathology.  To put it short and simple.  By controlling your feelings the powers that be can keep you in slavery mode.  It is really that simple.  The two evil tones are 741 and 440.  It should be 444 or 528,or even 432.  432 is in line with the Solar Plexus.  528 aligns your heart.  Both the 432 and 528 are at the center of your being.  In 1953, it was sealed.  All music across the world had to be tuned to 440.  This is not a part of the original scale.  It is complicated because 528 is C and 432 is A.  But the point is that ears know harmonics when it hears it.  The fact that the US had to model everything after the Nazi’s is scary.  The fact that they want to control people is scary.

     The original creation has nine tones. 9 musical notes. 9 scales. The entrappers reduced it to 7, then 6. Aim is to make you go mad, altering reality to create world dominion through tones, words, music, chants. Become aware. Digital BS versus organic music. It is all relevant. Sounds create realities. Some sounds are eery and designed to entrap your soul. Know the difference. In Botany, the green chlorophyll vibrates to harmonics, just as the heart does, which by no coincidence, the heart vortex/wave(Chakra) is green. And green is at the heart of the rainbow. The dissonance creators employ tactics that destroy life. Be mindful of your surroundings. Most people live unconsciously…going along with what is served.

Enneatonic = 9 tone. Reminds me of the Ennead, the original creation. Do you see the word nine in both? And by no coincidence the Galaxy shapes into a nine. And by no coincidence we named our show Sparks of 9.

Both 432 hz and 528 hz are fundamental to sacred geometry and create harmonics, affect water, air& sand positively. In 1940, 1953 standard tuning went to 440 hz, which is the dissonant sound which causes illness mentally and physically. 432 hz is for A, and 528 is for C. The pyramids of South America and Egypt are built using 432 and 528 principles.

The above is an example of 528 music.  Below is a radio show I conducted with co-host Jhiggs which goes into detail about hidden messages in music as well as other stuff.  This topic cannot be completely covered in a short article.  That is why, I don’t ant to make this post too long.  So please press the links an listen.

20013, Mercedes Hawkins, blogger

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